PER I MIEI PAZIENTI
Laser treatments for: Wrinkles Photoaging Couperose and capillaries Skin aging Hair removal Tattoo removal Scars Types of laser: Laser Fraxel...
Laser treatments for:
- Couperose and capillaries
- Skin aging
- Hair removal
- Tattoo removal
Types of laser:
- Laser Fraxel
- Erbium Yag
- Erbium glass
- Neodimio Yag
- Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Scars from acne, chickenpox or trauma are injuries that can damage the aesthetics of the face. The treatments are varied,...
Scars from acne, chickenpox or trauma are injuries that can damage the aesthetics of the face. The treatments are varied, the choice will depend on the type of scar. During the dermatological visit, the typology, the area, the depth and therefore the most suitable treatment will be evaluated.
Biostimulation with hyaluronic acid: treatment that involves the penetration into the skin of hyaluronic acid and other nutrients able to stimulate tissue regeneration. Necessary 4 sessions every 15 days. Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Hyaluronic acid fillers: injections with microcannules; safe and effective treatment in correcting post-acne and post-traumatic cicatricial outcomes. The results last for around 10-12 months. Side effects are generally related to injections: temporary effects include bruising, redness, pain, swelling and allergy. Generally, if present, the reaction will be resolved in 7 days or less. Duration of treatment: 20 to 40 minutes.
Revitalization through plasma: injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the areas to be treated. The epiastrines will be obtained from the patient’s blood (simple sample) and injected, at high concentration, to biostimulate the skin and regeneration of the tissues. Non-invasive, effective and safe treatment. Duration: from 4 to 6 months.
Radiofrequency: use of a fractional bipolar radiofrequency instrument that, through a special microneedle handpiece, is able to stimulate the production of collagen fibers without risk for the epidermis layer. Non-invasive, effective, safe and painless treatment. 15-30 minute session. Generally, 3 treatments are performed after 4-6 weeks. For particularly sensitive areas such as those around the mouth and eyes, anesthetic creams are used. After treatment, an antibiotic-based cream or a cortisone ointment is applied to protect the treated area and stimulate its regeneration.
- eCO2 Fractional laser: the laser beam removes the superficial layers of the skin, stimulating cell regeneration. Treatment is well tolerated, but in any case it will be possible to resort to topical anesthetic creams. The results last up to 6 months; the side effects are minimal: redness, swelling and crust that will last up to a few days.
- Erbium-Yag laser: the laser performs a superficial skin photoablation, skin resurfacing, minimizing thermal damage. Instrument valid for the treatment of scar imperfections, even for more delicate areas of the face. The side effects are minimal: redness, vesicles and crusts for a few days; not exposed to sun for at least a month. Treatment requires local anesthesia with a topical cream; the effects are permanent.
- Laser Fraxel: laser with more delicate action, without abrasion and exfoliation. Necessary from 1 to 5 sessions of 15-45 minutes. Safe, effective and painless treatment: the application of an anesthetic cream will be sufficient. Permanent results; almost immediate recovery, no contraindication and rare side effects.
- Laser Mosaic: non-ablative fractional laser, delicate and well tolerated, acts on the deeper layers of the dermis. Generally, 2 sessions are sufficient after one month, 3 for an optimal result. Final results; minimal side effects: swelling, redness and crust will disappear within a few days. For a few days, exposure to the sun is not recommended. Anesthesia is not necessary. visible results after one month.
The removal of tattoos is currently an important aesthetic problem. Tattoos can be removed using medical lasers. Q-switched laser...
The removal of tattoos is currently an important aesthetic problem. Tattoos can be removed using medical lasers.
Safe and effective treatment: the medical laser employs a ray of light to significantly lighten or completely remove the tattoo. When the ink particles absorb laser light, they will be fragmented into small parts, released and eliminated through the lymphatic system.
The number of treatments required for an optimal result depends on the size, position, depth and color of the tattoo; in principle, it will take between 4 and 6 sessions. The treatments must be spaced 4-8 weeks to allow the body to remove the maximum possible amount of pigment; each session lasts 10 to 15 minutes depending on the area to be treated. After each treatment, a progressive clearing of the tattoo will be visible. Results will be visible 5-6 weeks after the last session.
Localized fat deposits are accumulations of adipose tissue in certain regions of the body caused by an excessive number of...
Localized fat deposits are accumulations of adipose tissue in certain regions of the body caused by an excessive number of fat cells (fat cells), with consequent alteration of the body’s profile.
- genetic causes
- caloric intake
- circulatory, connective and lymphatic system disorders
- Sedentary life
Valid alternative to surgery for the treatment of localized body fat: abdomen, hips, culotte de cheval, inner thigh, fat pads on the back of the head and, in general, wherever there are greasy areas well defined and well delineated. It is a painless, effective and safe treatment. The adiposities will be treated thanks to the application of cooling panels that lower the temperature to 0 ° C; the frozen fat cells disintegrate and will be gradually eliminated by the lymphatic system. The sessions last one hour; up to 9 treatments in 3 months are recommended, to be performed at a distance of ten days each. Anesthesia is not necessary and recovery is immediate. The results will be visible within 15 days.
What is dermatological check up? The dermatological check-up is a fundamental tool for assessing the health of the skin and...
What is dermatological check up?
The dermatological check-up is a fundamental tool for assessing the health of the skin and is performed by associating the clinical examination with the objective measurement of parameters essential for the physiological skin balance, such as hydration, sebum, pH, elasticity and color. This approach is strategic for the selection of the most targeted treatments, in line with your skin characteristics and, therefore, more effective.
Advisable for every age, dermatological check-up is a valid method to know your skin type and to change, as a result of skin changes, therapeutic and cosmetic prescriptions.
The benefits of dermatological check-up
Evaluates the physiological balance, the well-being of the skin, and, more generally, of the person, the biotype and the skin phototype; formula targeted and specialized advice for the selection of appropriate treatments; diagnostics and prevents dermatological problems, including skin aging and photoaging; it allows to monitor the cutaneous parameters before and during a treatment with pharmacological substances to optimize it and, if necessary, to allow a compensating cosmetic contribution; defines a strategic and personalized intervention plan. Unlike the aesthetic check-up, it combines dermatological competence with the measurement of skin parameters.
How is it performed?
The dermatological check-up includes three simple steps:
- anamnesis: medical history refers to personal cosmetic habits, general life habits, possible skin and systemic diseases, medication intake, skin reactions to atmospheric agents, use of cosmetics and topical medications;
- clinical examination. This type of examination is based on the skin inspection with the naked eye and with the help of a lens, with sunlight, cold (neon) and ultraviolet, aimed at assessing the color, brightness and the possible presence of imperfections and injuries;
- instrumental examination. During this examination, the various skin parameters are evaluated using specific equipment.
Hydration. The hydration of the skin is important so that it maintains its elasticity, tone and integrity. The content of liquids within the epidermal layer is measured by the electrical skin capacity: the stratum corneum offers in fact an electric resistance to the passage of the current, the lower the skin is hydrated.
pH. PH is a useful indicator of the equilibrium state of the epidermis, of its acidity and of its possible tendency to be fat. Normal skin has a weakly acidic value (4.5 – 5.5); dry skin has a lower value, fat or impure higher. This measure provides important indications on the use of pH regulating cosmetics, such as detergents, intimate soaps, deodorants.
Sebum. Thanks to the sebometer, it is possible to obtain the value of the superficial lipids of the skin. The measure of the quantity of sebum contributes, with hydration and pH, to the determination of the type of skin, if normal, dry or greasy.
Skin elasticity. With the advancing of the age, the skin reduces the formation of new elastic fibers, with consequent loss of elasticity. By applying a suction to a small cutaneous area and analyzing the ability and speed of the skin to return to the initial position, it is possible to obtain an indicative measure of the loss of elastin, structural protein of the skin.
Skin color. This examination allows to obtain an objective measurement of skin color and color differences, the quantitative measurement of skin reactivity to UV rays and to identify the presence of pigmented lesions.
How to prepare
The only requirement: do not apply products, make up or wash the skin for at least 4 hours before undergoing the examination.
As we age, the collagen, elastic fibers and hyaluronic acid contained in our skin become depleted, thus reducing its ability...
As we age, the collagen, elastic fibers and hyaluronic acid contained in our skin become depleted, thus reducing its ability to remain toned and elastic; the glands that produce the sebum reduce their activity and the skin loses uniformity, becoming dry.
What happens to the skin?
- at the age of 25 a first aging of the skin is visible: the old cells are replaced more and more slowly;
- at 30 years thinner lines develop with the release of collagen and elastin; the skin under the eyes begins to thin;
- at 40 years deeper lines begin to form around the mouth and the eyes. Wrinkles appear on the forehead and bags can form under the eyes. The skin becomes noticeably drier;
- since 45 years the skin becomes increasingly thin, partly due to hormonal changes, it loses strength and elasticity;
- from the age of 50, aging occurs on the face.
Fillers contain hyaluronic acid, a form of natural sugar that our body produces regularly; hyaluronic acid is injected into the layers of the skin filling its spaces and eliminating the imperfections caused by aging. Effective treatment to smooth nasolabial furrows, chin wrinkles, skin under the eyes, to remodel lips and cheeks. Through the use of microcannules it is possible to intervene on the volumes restoring them; Quick and natural results last for around 10-12 months. Side effects are generally related to injections: temporary effects include bruising, redness, pain, swelling and allergy. Generally, if present, the reaction will be resolved in 7 days or less. Duration of treatment: 15 to 30 minutes.
What are stretch marks? The stretch marks are an imperfection due to atrophy of the skin, characterized by the presence...
What are stretch marks?
The stretch marks are an imperfection due to atrophy of the skin, characterized by the presence of parallel linear bands, of variable length and thickness, in slight depression. They are real scars of the dermis, resulting from the stretching of the skin. In the initial phase they are inflammatory and reddish in color, from pale pink to intense violet; in the next phase they assume a pearly white color. They often appear grouped in pairs or triads, longitudinal to the traction of the skin. They usually appear in the following areas: hips, buttocks, thighs, abdomen, breasts, inside of the arms.
- constitutional factor: structure of the dermis
- female and white race
- poor protein intake, little intake of vitamins and minerals (especially vitamin C and copper)
- puberty and pregnancy: hormonal changes cause fragility of the dermis. Added to this is the mechanical action of stretching the skin for growth and volume increase
- overweight, obesity, malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies and fertile diets cause rapid growth and variation of body forms
- mechanical strains caused by muscular exercise
- additive mastoplasty
- some diseases of fibrous proteins such as Marfan or endocrine syndrome such as eg Cushing’s disease
- pharmacological therapies based on cortisones
- healthy lifestyle
- diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- drink a lot of water
- practice physical activity
- use specific cosmetic products
Biorevitalization – Treatment that involves the penetration into the skin of nutrients (amino acids such as lysine, glycine, leucine) able to stimulate cellular metabolism, to improve thickness, tone and hydration. Allows tissue regeneration. 4 sessions required every 7-10 days. Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Microdermabrasion – Process that invigorates the skin, improving its tone and tissues, using cleaning crystals to remove the dead surface layers of the skin. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Electroporation – Non-invasive procedure with the application of very light electric currents. It is able to open the pores of the epidermis and allow the penetration of active ingredients (aminocidium, vitamins, Hyaluronic acid, growth factors). Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Chemical peels – Application on the skin surface of a solution rich in exfoliating substances including resorcinol and fruit acids (malic acid, tartaric acid, glycolic acid), capable of causing the destruction and subsequent regeneration of portions of the epidermis and the dermis.
Pharmacological therapies and supplements – Effective action on permanent scars. Therapies based on food supplements as antioxidants and / or products able to increase the consistency of the dermis. Supplements based on collagen, hyaluronic acid, vitamins A, C.
The nails are protective laminae made up of keratin, a hard and compact fibrous protein that covers the dorsal end...
The nails are protective laminae made up of keratin, a hard and compact fibrous protein that covers the dorsal end of the toes and hands. They originate at the last phalanx and there are three parts: the root, located in a deep epidermal fold (nail matrix); the body, which is joined to the root by a whitish area (lunula) and adheres to the nail bed; the distal free end, separated from the fingertip by the sub-groove furrow.
The nails do not have only an aesthetic function: they provide a fixed plane that promotes tactile sensitivity and are indispensable for the taking of small objects.
The examination of the nails – The healthy nail looks like a smooth and shiny lamina: the imperfections that can hit the nails can be the spy not only of a malaise deriving from wrong habits, but also of disorders affecting the entire organism. Various diseases can alter their appearance and functionality: the examination of the nails is therefore a valuable diagnostic aid.
SOME FREQUENT ANOMALIES
Abnormalities in the form:
- if they take a spoon-like form with a depression in the center, you can think of an iron deficiency or thyroid problems
- excessive curvature, up to the tip of the fingertips, can represent respiratory, cardiovascular, liver and bowel diseases.
Fragility: if the nails break easily, with cracks, breakage or flaking of the nail plate, it is probably in the presence of a lack of vitamins or mineral salts. They can also be the consequence of some diseases (psoriasis, eczema, lichen planus), of prolonged pharmacological treatments, of the use of detergents, soaps and aggressive solvents.
Presence of striae: if numerous, fine and longitudinal, can be caused by psoriasis, alopecia areata, lichen planus of childhood or aggression by chemical substances. The transversal striations can be a sign of the general conditions of the organism and to associate with debilitating diseases or existing or previous infections.
Presence of spots:
- white spots: consequence of micro-traumas or diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis
- dark specks: if they disappear in a short time it is bleeding caused by trauma; on the contrary, they may represent a benign mole or a melanoma.
- Color alteration:
- yellow: may depend on the use of enamels, whose pigments are absorbed by the laminae, respiratory diseases, onychomycosis, psoriasis
- blue-violet: it is the indicator of cardiocirculatory problems
- white: may be one of the signs of nail psoriasis
- green: bacterial or fungal infections
- white and brown: the nail that has white and brown areas at the same time is probably parasitized by a fungus
- white and pink: if they appear white with a pink strip in the final part, liver problems may be suspected
- black: may depend on infections, haematomas, deposition of melanin pigment. This color can also represent a nevus or melanoma
- red: blood extravasation (due to trauma or diseases)
Thickness changes: thickening of the nail edges may depend on psoriasis, ichthyosis, lichen planus, or may be a consequence of bone abnormalities and / or circulatory disorders.
Food supplements and pharmacological treatments will be set according to different variables, such as age, nail characteristics, the nature of the etiologic agent, the number of nails involved.
Corticosteroid, retinoid and urea therapies are effective in cases of nail psoriasis; local and / or systemic antimycotics, in case of fungal infections, but to ascertain their presence, it will be necessary first to perform a microscopic and cultural examination.
In some cases in which it is desired to favor the removal of the pathological lamina and the regrowth of a healthy lamina, it is possible to resort to the chemical olfolysis.
This hyper-reactivity is due to damage of the skin barrier, to the increased sensorineural response and to an excessive production...
This hyper-reactivity is due to damage of the skin barrier, to the increased sensorineural response and to an excessive production of free radicals. Sensitive skin has difficulty retaining skin water, is dehydrated, produces less lipids, essential in waterproofing the stratum corneum. All this facilitates the penetration of external irritating agents, thus provoking an inflammatory reaction. The excessive production of free radicals, due to an overproduction of cytokines, finally makes the skin more susceptible to skin aging. The areas most affected are those of the face: chin, lips, nose and forehead, due to the greater subtlety and fragility of the stratum corneum in these areas.
More frequent disorders:
- skin tension
- telangiectasia: small dilations of the superficial capillaries
Causes and predisposing factors:
- hereditary factors
- some diseases: dermatitis, eczema, hormonal changes
- environmental causes: exposure to UV rays, wind, cold, temperature changes, pollution, dust mites
- psychological factors, stress and emotions
- intake of hot drinks, alcohol, food intolerances and food difficult to digest
- frequent washing, recurrent use of cosmetics and mild detergents
- aggressive cosmetic practices such as hair removal and peeling
- apply as few cosmetic products as possible; choose those that contain the indication “for sensitive skin”
- avoid detergents without rinsing, exfoliating products, peeling and scrub
- avoid frequent washing with aggressive products and very hot water: they can cause dryness and redness
- use moisturizers
- avoid the use of products containing alpha-hydroxy-acids, retinalaldehyde, tretinoin (retinoic acid)
- prefer make-up without perfumes, preservatives and nickel, as they are particularly irritating
- limit exposure to aggressive environmental stimuli such as wind, temperature changes and sun
- supplement your diet with antioxidant vitamins and essential fatty acids and avoid foods and beverages that cause vasodilation including spicy foods, alcohol, heavy foods, coffee
- if necessary, treat any depressive states or signs of psychological distress
- for the skin of the body, prefer garments of natural fabric such as cotton, linen and silk
A luminous skin is a smooth, firmer skin with a uniform, hydrated and scar-free complexion. The main causes of the...
A luminous skin is a smooth, firmer skin with a uniform, hydrated and scar-free complexion. The main causes of the loss of brightness are:
- unprotected sun exposure
- food shortages of iron and zinc
- smoke, wrong nutrition, little water intake
- use of aggressive detergents that remove natural oils and dry the skin
- use of tonics containing alcohol
- use of exfoliants: they can cause redness and damage the skin.
- avoid solar exposures during the central hours and use sunscreens
- do not use very hot water to wash the face
- use delicate products
- avoid smoking
- take 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day
Microdermabrasion – Process that invigorates the skin, improving its tone and tissues, using ultra-clean crystals to remove dead surface layers. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Electroporation – Non-invasive procedure with the application of very light electric currents. It is able to open the pores of the epidermis and allow the penetration of antioxidant substances. Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Radiance Peel – Application of a gel solution. Small tingling sensation, painless and effective. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Meso Glow – Non-surgical treatment, relatively painless, with micro-injections of vitamin C, glutathione. It gives brightness to the skin. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Chemical peels can improve… fine lines and wrinkles irregular pigmentation superficial acne scars age spots freckles tired, off skin What...
Chemical peels can improve…
- fine lines and wrinkles
- irregular pigmentation
- superficial acne scars
- age spots
- tired, off skin
What are chemical peels?
Peeling is a simple technique, it is a solution applied to the skin to remove dead cells and stimulate the production of new ones. Reduces wrinkles, strengthens the skin, giving it a younger and fresher look. A program of several sessions is usually necessary to obtain satisfactory results.
What types of peelings exist?
There are three major categories of peeling that act differently depending on the depth of penetration of the exfoliating agent: the superficial peeling, the medium and the deep peeling.
Surface peeling: it is a light treatment that can cause redness and possible dryness for a few days. Suitable for acne and acne scars, hyperpigmentation (freckles and melasma), superficial wrinkles. The acids used for this type of treatment are:
- 30% salicylic acid
- 70% glycolic acid
- trichloroacetic acid from 15% to 20%
- Jessner’s solution
- 40% resorcin
Medium – deep peeling: it can cause dryness, swelling. At first the skin may appear reddened, but within a week the complexion will become uniform and the skin will be smoother and brighter. Suitable for papulopustular and nodulocystic acne, acne scars, melasma and deeper wrinkles. The solutions indicated for this type of treatment are:
- 35-40% trichloroacetic acid
- combined or mixed peeling
- 88% phenol
Pre and post-treatment advice
The success of a chemical peel depends a lot on the degree of collaboration of the patient: this collaboration will be especially necessary in the preparatory phase and in the phase following the sessions. First of all it is essential to report to the dermatologist any local, cosmetic or pharmacological treatment that is being performed. Once a program of sessions has been set up, the preparatory phase consists of home treatments prescribed from time to time by the doctor: it is essential to follow the doctor’s instructions, do not use absolutely any other treatment outside the prescribed ones and advise the doctor. doctor of any change, even temporary, of his health conditions and of any treatment in progress or past. For the phase following the sessions, in addition to what is already stated for the preparatory phase, direct solar exposures and saunas for at least 7 days must be avoided; wash your face only 6-8 hours after treatment; use a moisturizer every 6 hours for a minimum period of 3 days; take extreme care not to try to detach the scales or crusts that may be present; do not expose yourself to the sun and / or tanning lamps; make use of sun protectors throughout the treatment period and until at least one month after the last session and do not resort to any other aesthetic treatment (eg depilation, hair dye) in the seven days immediately following the peeling.
The skin under the eyes is thinner than in the rest of our body. Dark circles, sunken eyes, bags, lines...
The skin under the eyes is thinner than in the rest of our body. Dark circles, sunken eyes, bags, lines and wrinkles are the classic unsightly signs that can change their appearance. The dark color that often manifests itself under the eyes is not generally a sign of serious illness, although it may give us a less young and tired appearance: it is due to the loss of fat and collagen, making the eye’s orbicular muscle and the vessels blood most evident; the bags under the eyes are instead due to the weakening of the muscular structure and the increase of fat in this area.
What are the common causes of changes in the appearance of the eyes?
- frequent colds, allergies, atopic dermatitis
- frequent eye rubbing
- use of aggressive detergents
- food shortages
- thin skin vasculature
- sunken eyes
- hereditary causes
- lifestyle: smoking, alcohol, emotional stress
- take vitamin C
- avoid rubbing the eyes frequently
- use mild eye cleansers
- take iron and zinc
- stop smoking
- dark glasses and protection
- decongestant pads
- eye drops
- exercises for the eyes while at the pc
Anti-wrinkle injections – Injections of natural substances able to relax wrinkles, giving the skin a younger and more uniform appearance. Safe, non-surgical procedure. Duration of treatment: 20-25 minutes.
Fillers – Gel injections based on hyaluronic acid to restore the loss of volume; effective in improving the appearance of sunken eyes. Duration of treatment: 30 minutes.
Peel gel – Application of a gel solution. Sensation of light tingling, effective and safe treatment. Duration: 30 minutes.
What is skin aging? Over time, the skin shows the inevitable signs of skin aging. This is a natural process...
What is skin aging?
Over time, the skin shows the inevitable signs of skin aging. This is a natural process characterized by:
- loss of tone and elasticity of the skin
- reduction of volumes
- appearance of wrinkles and age spots
- roughness and dryness of the skin
What are the main causes of aging?
- sun exposure
- expression lines
- mimic wrinkles
- incorrect power supply
- force of gravity
- hereditary causes
How to prevent it?
Aging is a natural process; it can not be stopped, but only prevented. How? Protect yourself from the sun with adequate sunscreens, taking antioxidants and vitamins to fight free radicals, leading a healthy lifestyle (do not drink, do not smoke), following a proper diet, using specific cosmetic products to combat aging.
Botulinum toxin injections – With small needles, skin injections are made of proteins effective in relaxing the muscles that cause wrinkles, giving the skin a fresh and young appearance. Non-surgical and safe treatment. Injections will not change facial expressions, they will only relax specific muscles. Results can last up to 4 months. Side effects are generally temporary and localized, such as headache, burning during injection, possible bruising and swelling. An additional session is required after 7 days to evaluate the result and a subsequent one after 3-5 months. We recommend 3 days before and after treatment to avoid or stop the following treatments: Ibuprofen / Aspirin, Vitamin E; not to massage or manipulate the injection area for 48 hours; not to sleep or pull the area for 4 hours; to avoid saunas and facial treatments in the following two days.
Fillers – Injections based on hyaluronic acid to give volume to the skin. To be performed every 8-12 months.
Microdermabrasion – Process that invigorates the skin, improving its tone and tissues, using cleaning crystals to remove the dead surface layers of the skin. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Electroporation – Non-invasive procedure with the application of very light electric currents. It is able to open the ports of the epidermis and allow the penetration of active bio-revitalizing ingredients. Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Roller lift – Microneedling procedure able to stimulate collagen and elastin with addition of serum containing hyaluronic acid, vitamins and mineral infusions. The treatment makes the skin smoother and brighter. To be performed twice a month, 4 sessions.
Mesolift – Non-surgical procedure of microinjections of hyaluronic acid, vitamins and minerals. It nourishes and rejuvenates the skin. To be performed twice a month, 4 sessions.
Inches, or nevi, are benign lesions of the skin characterized by an accumulation of melanocytes, cells that produce melanin and...
Inches, or nevi, are benign lesions of the skin characterized by an accumulation of melanocytes, cells that produce melanin and responsible for tanning. They present themselves as spots or growths of variable size and color (black, brown, greyish). In most cases they are absolutely normal but their monitoring is essential because some of them could degenerate into melanoma, one of the most formidable forms of skin cancer.
The rule A-B-C-D-E
It is possible to identify the nevi worthy of particular attention thanks to the rule A-B-C-D-E, ie checking that every nevus is “normal” for each of the following parameters:
- Asymmetry (the shape): a normal nevus has a symmetrical shape
- Edges: a normal nevus has regular edges
- Color: all the nevus has a homogeneous color
- Dimensions: nevus does not exceed 5-6 mServizim in diameter
- Evolution: the snows can also be modified, but these changes take place over a period of years, in parallel with the growth of the person. An atypical nevus, on the contrary, tends to change more rapidly (in a few months) as a shape, edges, color or size
Snows with irregularities in these characteristics are defined as “clinically atypical” and may be dysplastic at histological examination, therefore at risk of malignant degeneration. Therefore, if anomalies are found, it is advisable to contact a dermatologist immediately.
The dermatological examination
- removal is reserved only for suspected lesions;
- in some cases, the dermatologist may decide to review the lesion after a certain period of time, before making the decision whether to remove the lesion or not;
- the examination of the nevi and of the skin neoformations should be periodically repeated, usually every 6 months / 1 year, depending on what is indicated by the dermatologist;
- for the execution of the examination, any non-invasive evaluations (painless and harmless) and / or photo shoots on the interested locations can be carried out. This documentation will be used by the doctor only for the purpose of clinical documentation in a scientific context and on condition of anonymity
Among the typical skin spots you can list: Freckles: pigmentary spots of brown or blackish skin, determined by accumulation of...
Among the typical skin spots you can list:
- Freckles: pigmentary spots of brown or blackish skin, determined by accumulation of melanin pigment in the epidermis or in the papillary layer of the dermis. Determined by genetic factors. They appear on the face, neck, shoulders, trunk and back of the hands, especially in very light-skinned individuals with blond or red hair. They can increase in number following prolonged sun exposure, which further activates the melanocytes
- Ephelids: similar to freckles, also genetic in nature, are due to the increase in production of melanin by solar stimulation. They appear as small spots of light red-brown color that are formed, especially in people with light or red hair, due to an alteration of the melanocytes and oxidative processes induced by UV rays. Unlike freckles, they become more evident after being exposed to the sun
- Solar Lentigo: irregularly shaped spots and variable sizes whose color can range from yellow to brown. They occur mainly on areas most exposed to the sun because they are caused by excessive exposure without adequate protection. Frequent among people from 45-50 up, whose skin is characterized by slower cell turnover
- Lentigo senili: they appear as brown macular lesions, generally 1 cm in diameter; more common in men than in women. They rarely appear below the age of 50, due to the addition of solar damage caused over time
- Melasma: also called chloasma, it is an aesthetic disorder caused by the excessive production and storage of melanin in the skin. It manifests itself with brown spots especially on the cheeks, on the forehead and on the upper lip. The chin or the side of the neck may also be affected. It typically manifests itself in young women between the ages of 30 and 40. In general, a genetic predisposition to melasma is considered, but they are recognized as factors triggering pregnancy, contraceptive pill, sun exposure, phototoxic reaction to perfumes or cosmetics
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: comes in the form of dark pigmentation surrounding a previously inflamed area. It can be the result of various disorders in the skin including acne, eczema, folliculitis, burns, scars or treatments such as peeling or laser
Microdermabrasion: a process that invigorates the skin, improving its tone and tissues, using cleaning crystals to remove the dead surface layers of the skin. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Electroporation: non-invasive procedure that combines the application of very light electric currents. It is able to open the pores of the epidermis and allow the penetration of depigmenting substances. Effective and painless treatment for body and face spots. Duration: about 15 minutes.
Mesotherapy: procedure of micro-injections of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Relatively painless, non-surgical. Duration of treatment: approximately 45 minutes.
Peeling: application on the face of a solution containing exfoliating substances, able to remove the superficial cells. Peeling requires more sessions, performed at regular intervals of two or four weeks. Duration of treatment: 30 minutes.
Cryotherapy: non-invasive procedure ideal for the treatment of lentigo senili. It involves the application of liquid nitrogen to the skin; instantly freezes the lesion to be treated. After the session appears redness and swelling; in the following hours the formation of small serum or serum-blood bubbles can occur, if the inflammation is of a higher entity. As a precaution, after each cryotherapy session an antibiotic cream should be applied for 4-5 days.
Life cycle of the hair: the hair passes through three distinct phases of their life cycle anagen: growth phase, lasts...
Life cycle of the hair: the hair passes through three distinct phases of their life cycle
- anagen: growth phase, lasts from 2 to 6 years
- catagen: resting phase, lasts from 2 to 6 months
- telogen: fall phase, lasts from 2 to 6 weeks
Hair loss: the various types
- male pattern baldness: also called androgenetic alopecia, it is characterized by the progressive loss of hair starting from the frontal region or on the top of the head;
- Female pattern baldness: hair loss is limited on the top, frontal and lateral area of the scalp;
- telogen effluvium: diffuse loss of hair, especially combing or washing them, often associated with their thinning;
- traction alopecia: bald patches caused by hairstyles that pull the hair, curlers;
- alopecia areata: loss of patchy hair, can affect any area of the scalp, can also affect the eyebrows, eyelashes and beard area
What are the various causes of hair loss?
- hereditary causes
- hormonal changes
- diseases such as thyroid, various scalp infections, physical or psychological stress
- high fever
- food shortages
- hormonal changes, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, contraceptives
- dye and smoothing of the hair
- scalp infections, fungi
How to prevent hair loss?
- follow a balanced diet
- do not stress the hair with a hair dryer, dyes or smoothing
- Cosmetic and pharmacological devices
The use of specific therapies is performed under clinical and instrumental dermatological control to assess the compliance with the treatment and personalize the treatments.
Mesohair – Non-surgical procedure with microinections of vitamins and essential factors in the hair root to promote growth. Effective for scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard area. 6-8 sessions of 45 minutes. Safe treatment without anesthesia or points.
Dermohair – Microneedling procedure able to stimulate hair root growth.
Acne is an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland which leads to an increase in the production of sebum. Frequent...
Acne is an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland which leads to an increase in the production of sebum. Frequent in young people, it manifests mainly on the face, back and chest.
The main injuries are:
- blackheads (blackheads)
- papules (inflamed pimples)
- pustules (pimples filled with pus)
What are the main causes of acne?
- obstruction of the sebaceous glands caused by dirt and pollution
- hereditary causes
- hormonal influences
What damage can acne cause if not treated?
- pigmentation damage
- psychologically affect the patient
- oil-based make up
- crush injuries
- high-calorie food
- hormonal pills
They are prescribed according to international guidelines.
Chemical peels – Application on the face of a gel solution able to reduce the formation of acne, the activity of the sebaceous glands and skin lesions, smoothing the skin.
Microdermabrasion – A process that uses ultra-clean crystals to remove the dead surface layers of the skin, facilitating the treatment of lesions and scars. Duration of treatment: about 20 minutes.
Electroporation – Painless procedure involving the application of very light electric currents. It is able to open the pores of the epidermis and allow the penetration of anti-acne medications. Duration of treatment: approximately 15 minutes.
Mesotherapy – Painless procedure with micro-injections of vitamins and minerals that can reduce pigmentation and smooth acne scars. Duration of treatment: approximately 45 minutes.
Dermaroller – Microneedling procedure able to stimulate the regeneration of the skin and repair it naturally. It makes the skin smooth, luminous, reducing the signs of acne. Duration of treatment: approximately 45 minutes.
Polish – Microdermabrasion treatment followed by a purifying mask based on vitamins and minerals.
Esperienza, efficacia, passione
SCIENZA E RICERCA
YOUR COMPLETE PROVISION TO COLLABORATE YOUR RESEARCH PROJECT!
Adele Sparavigna is Director of Clinical Research of Derming, a private institute operating in the field of dermatological research, in collaboration with some of the most important Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Companies. Through research conducted with non-invasive skin diagnostic systems, she gained her professional experience in the evaluation of the interaction between skin and drugs, cosmetic products, fabrics and more generally, all products intended for contact with the skin.
She is the author of numerous scientific publications, both national and international. Among the most discussed and developed topics:
- elasticity of the skin
- computerized image analysis of the skin surface (roughness, color, texture, spots, cutaneous pH)
- definition and treatment of sensitive skin and healthy skin
Main scientific publications:
A.Sparavigna, T.Fedeli, G.Galbiati, U.Flauto “Skin Plastoelasticity in the newborn. Preliminar data.” Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Pediatric Dermatology” Milan , July 1989
A. Sparavigna, M.Setaro “A new evaluation method of skin plastoelasticity” in “Skin Pharmacology and Toxicology. Recent Advances” Edited by C.L.Galli, C.N.Hensby, M.Marinovich, Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, London., pagg.295-298,1990.
A.Sparavigna, M. Setaro, V.Gualandri “ Cutaneous pH in children affected by atopic dermatitis and in healthy children. A multicenter study” Skin Research and Technology 5: 221-227, 1999
M.Setaro and A.Sparavigna “Irregularity skin index (ISI): a tool to evaluate skin surface texture” Skin Research and Technology 2001; 7:159-163
M.Setaro and A.Sparavigna “Quantification of erythema using digital camera and computer-based colour image analysis: a multicentre study” Skin Research and Technology 2002; 8: 84-88
A.Sparavigna, M. Setaro, S. Sormani, M. Bergamaschi “Clinical study on the effect of a cosmetic emulsion on irritated skin” Journal of Applied Cosmetology 2003, 21:35-46
M Setaro, ML Abella, A Sparavigna, JL Lévêque “ Ptosis of submental skin: objective measurements and effect of age” Skin Research and Technology 2004 , 10(4): 251-256
R.Baran, A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, F.Mailland “Computerised Image Analysis Of Nails Affected By Fungal Infection: Evaluation Using Digital Photographs And Manually Defined Areas” Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 2004, 3 (5): 489-494
A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, G.Manini, C.Rigoni “Boswellic acid based cream is effective and well tolerated treatment for striae distensae” Journal of Applied Cosmetology 2005, 23: 93-104
A.Sparavigna, A.Di Pietro, M. Setaro “Healthy skin: significance and results of an Italian study on healthy population with particular regard to sensitive skin” International Journal of Cosmetic Science 2005, 27(6), 327-331
A.Sparavigna, A. Di Pietro, M.Setaro “Sensitive skin: correlation with skin surface and microrelief appearance” Skin Research and Technology 2006, 12(1), 7-10
A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, A. Di Pietro “Healthy skin 2005: results of an italian study on healthy population with particular regard to the ageing phenomenon” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 2006, 2(1): 23-29
A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, M.Genet, L.Frisenda “Equisetum arvense in a new transungual technology improves nail structure and appearance” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 2006, 2(1): 31-38
A.Sparavigna, A. Di Pietro “Healthy skin 2006” Journal of Plastic Dermatology, 2007, 3(2):35-44
A. Sparavigna “Water: a therapeutic tool for the future?” Journal of Plastic Dermatology, 2007, 3(2):65-68
A.Sparavigna, R.Forte, F.S.Dioguardi “Multicenter study for the evaluation of tolerance and efficacy of a new integrated aminoacidic treatment on the aging face” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 2007, 3(3): 19-25
A.Sparavigna, M. Setaro, L.Frisenda “Physical and microbiological properties of a new nail protective medical device” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 2008, 4(1): 5-12
A.Sparavigna “Evaluation of the activity of a medical device for cavitational ultrasound lipolysis” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 2008, 4(2):149-152
A.Sparavigna, B.Tenconi, I. De Ponti “Clinical and instrumental evaluation of the activity of a combined cosmetic treatment applied to stretchmarks” Journal of Plastic Dermatology” 2009, 5(1):13-18
A. Sparavigna “Clinical and instrumental study for the evaluation of efficacy of an intradermal filler with or without food supplementation” Update in Plastic Surgery, 2(2):61-64, 2009
A.Sparavigna “Clinical evaluation of a nutriceutical containing lycopene, soy isophlavones and vitamin C on the performance and duration of an intradermal filler” Journal of Plastic Dermatology 5 (3): 241-246, 2009
R.Serri, M.C. Romano, A. Sparavigna “Quitting smoking rejuvenates the skin: results of a pilot project on smoking cessation conducted in the town of Milan” Skinmed 8(1):25-31, 2010
A.Sparavigna, G.Gugòielmini, S.Togni, A.Cristoni, G.Maramaldi “Nuovo trattamento anticellulite. Un approccio cosmetico multicomponente” Cosmetic Technology, 14(1): 13-18, 2011
A.Sparavigna, G.Guglielmini, S.Togni, A.Cristoni, G.Maramaldi “Evaluation of anti-cellulite efficacy: a topical cosmetic treatment for cellulite blemishes. A multifunctional formulation” Journal of Cosmetic Science 62:305-316 (2011)
A. Sparavigna, M. Setaro, M. Caserini, A. Bulgheroni “ Assessment of the Antidandruff Activity of a New Shampoo: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study by Clinical and Instrumental Evaluations” SKINmed 2013; 11: 85-91
A. Sparavigna, B. Tenconi, I. De Ponti, A. Bulgheroni, F. Scarci “A controlled, randomized, open label study in postmenopausal women to assess the safety and the efficacy of a vaginal moisturizer: An instrumental approach” Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2013, 3, 395-399
CONSULTANT FOR IMPORTANT LABORATORIES AND LEADING COMPANIES IN THE FIELD OF COSMETOLOGICAL DERMATOLOGY
At your complete disposal for consultations in plastic dermatology, outpatient surgery, clinical and instrumental dermatology.
I collaborate as an expert dermatologist for various newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations.
I carry out numerous teaching activities at universities and in various business contexts.
MY EXPERIENCE AND MY KNOWLEDGE AS A REPORTER
I have presented reports, communications and posters to over one hundred national and international conferences, activities that I consider essential to compare with colleagues and present the results of my research in the clinical field and in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic field.
Among the most discussed topics:
- aging of the skin
- striae distensae
- mechanical properties and plastoelasticity of the skin
- computerized image analysis
- optical properties of the skin
- skin interaction and topical and systemic cosmetic and pharmacological products
- aesthetic dermatology.
Among the main conferences:
NATO Advanced Study Course /Skin pharmacology and toxicology.
Recent advances/ Riva del Garda, 11 Aprile 1989 .”A new evaluation method of skin plastoelasticity”.
International Congress of pediatric dermatology
Milano 12 Luglio 1989,”Skin plastoelasticity in the newborn.Preliminar data.
8th Symposium on bioengineering and the skin
ISBS, Stresa, June 13-16 1990 “Strain-time curve in the assessment of topical tretinoin as an antiageing agent” e “Skin surface relief assessed by laser profilometry.”
I Symposium Augustanum – Dermatocosmetology
Chianciano Terme (Si) 5-6 October 1990 “Cutaneous plastoelasticity from youth onwards”
9th International Symposium on Bioengineering and the skin
19-20 ottobre 1992, Sendai, Japan “The effect of topical tretinoin on photodamaged skin surface parameters”
Regional Meeting of the International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin
Lubeck, April 23-25, 1993 Poster session: Pilot study to define standard ranges of cutaneous sebum, hydration and pH by means of “skin tester”
V World Congress of International Society of Cosmetic Dermatology
Palazzo dei Congressi Montecatini Terme (PT) 26-29 OTTOBRE 1995
Comunicazione:”Atopic dermatitis in children: safety and efficacy of a new ammonium lactate 6% emulsion against itching ancutaneous xerosis” di G. Rollandi, G. Pezzoli, A. Sparavigna, A. Guieu, A. Osnaghi & M. Setaro.
12th International Symposium on Bioengineering and the Skin.
Podium presentation:”Assessment of cutaneous pH in children affected by atopic dermatitis and healthy subjects: a multicenter study.” And Poster “Morphological Evaluation of Skin Surface by Fourier’s Transform: A Study on the Phase and the Modulus” June 1998 Boston
6th Congress of the International Society for Skin Imaging.
Oral presentation: Michele Setaro, Adele Sparavigna “Skin regularity index: an useful tool to evaluate skin surface micro-relief” , July 4-6 1999, London
International Congress “Skin in health and disease. The non-invasive approach.”
Lecture: “A new method to quantify erythema using digital camera and computer-based colour image analysis”, Paris, 27th-28th June 2002.
International Congress “Skin in health and disease. The non-invasive approach.”
Lecture: “Spectroscopic analysis of human skin and its correlation with age and phototype”, Paris, 27th-28th June 2002
Poster: “Is it possible to define a biological age of the skin?” Michele Setaro, Adele Sparavigna,
1st Joint Meeting: 14th International Congress for Bioengineering and the Skin and 8th Congress of the International Society for Skin Imaging, Hamburg May 21-24, 2003
Poster: Assessment of the efficacy of a body lotion containing isoflavone for post menopausal women”
A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, E. Segot, A.Bouloc. 12th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 15-18 October 2003, Barcelona, Spain
Stratum Corneum IV
“Is the stinging phenomenon correlated to stratum corneum conditions?” Paris 17-19 June 2004
“Stratum corneum parameters: searching for new tools of evaluation” Paris 17-19 June 2004
US International Symposium of International Society of Bioengineering and the Skin
“Objective measurements of ptotic submental skin” M Setaro, ML Abella, A Sparavigna, JL Lévêque, Pre-meeting Course, Orlando 28/11/04
US International Symposium of International Society of Bioengineering and the Skin
“Image analysis of nails affected by fungal infection “ R.Baran, A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, F.Mailland
Poster: Healthy Skin 2003:
Significance and results of an Italian Study in healthy population with particular regard to “sensitive skin” 13th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Florence 2004, 17-21 November
IV International Academy Cosmetic Dermatology (IACD ) World Congress,
Podium Presentation “Clinical evaluation of the ageing of the skin compared with instrumental data: description of the results and usefulness of the method” Paris, 2-5 July, 2005
IV International Academy Cosmetic Dermatology (IACD ) World Congress,
Poster “Equisetum arvense in chitosan technology helps to restore damaged nails” Paris, 2-5 July, 2005
XIV Congress European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 2005.
Poster “Clinical and instrumental evaluation on the efficay of different topical products on UV-induced erythema ina double-blind, controlled study”, Londra 12-16 ottobre 2005
EADV 2007 PODIUM PRESENTATION
“Assessment of the film forming, protective and penetration-enhancing activity of water soluble biopolymers on ungual laminae” A. Sparavigna, M. Setaro, F.Mailland, EADV 2007, Wien, 16-19 May
POSTER “Computerised image analysis in the assessment of human nail growth rate” n.119
A.Sparavigna, M.Setaro, F. Mailland, 37th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Dermatological Research, Zurich, 5-8 september 2007
Poster n.6728 “Hydroxypropyl-chitosan accelerates nail growth both in healthy fingernails and in mycotic toenails”
R.Baran, A.Sparavigna, F.Mailland, M.Setaro, L.Frisenda, 21st World Congress of Dermatology, Buenos Aires, Argentina, sept.30-oct.5
Relazione “Water, a therapeutic tool for the future”
Winter Academy of Dermatology, St. Moritz and Pontresina, april, 4-8 2008-04-07
Plenary Lecture “Clinical Dermatology on Aging”
Adele Sparavigna, Riccarda Serri, VIth World Congress International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology IACD 2008, Lisbon 18-20 giugno 2008
Lecture: “Is there an active cosmetology treatment for ageing?
17th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), Paris, 17-21 September 2008
“Computerised image analysis in the assessment of human nail growth rate. Comparative evaluation of two different antimycotic nail lacquers” Adele Sparavigna, Federico Mailland 17th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), Paris, 17-21 September 2008
“Double blind clinical and instrumental evaluation of the anti-dandruff efficacy of an active shampoo versus placebo” Federico Mailland, Adele Sparavigna 17th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), Paris, 17-21 September 2008
relazione: “Impact of cosmetics on the skin, on human body, on atmosphere” Winter Academy of Dermatology, Saint Moritz and Pontresina, April 2-5 2009
Cosmotrends International Symposia ’09
“Biorevitalisation with IAL-System”, Ho Chi Min City 8-11 July 2009
11° Congresso Internazionale di Medicina Estetica
“Valutazione Clinica e strumentale dell’efficacia antiage di un integratore a base di licopene, isoflavoni di soia e vitamina C, a complemento di un trattamento intradermico a base di acido ialuronico” Milano, 15-17 ottobre 2009
Lecture: “Can dermal fillers be “ecodermocompatible?”
The VII World Congress of the International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology, Cairo (Egypt) March 20-23, 2010
International Conference on Longevity and Healthy Medicine
“Perioral area from a dermatologist point of view: pathology and aesthetics, Milan 20-21 May 2011-06-28
13th World Congress on Menopause. Podium presentation:
“Somatoline Cosmetic Menopause Treatment:Clinical and instrumental evaluations vs placebo”Rome, 8-11 June 2011
13th World Congress on Menopause.
Poster: Management of vulvar signs/symptoms during menopause: efficacy and tolerability of an intimate vulvar cream and a hygiene gel measured by dermatological and gynaecological assessment and non-invasive bioengineering methods”.Rome, 8-11 June 2011
Poster: Management of vulvar signs/symptoms during menopause: efficacy and tolerability of an intimate hygiene gel measured by dermatological and gynaecological assessment and non-invasive bioengineering methods”.